Whooping cough meaning in malayalam
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ഇംഗ്ലീഷ് മലയാളം നിഘണ്ടു
See More First Known Use of whooping cough circain the meaning defined above Keep scrolling for more Learn More about whooping cough Share whooping cough Post the Definition of whooping cough to Facebook Share the Definition of whooping cough on Twitter Time Traveler for whooping cough. See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near whooping cough whoopee cushion whooper whooper swan whooping cough whooping crane whooping swan whoopla.
Accessed 10 Oct. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for whooping cough whooping cough. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. Test Your Vocabulary Forms of Government Quiz A gerontocracy is rule by: soothsayers elders animals unwritten laws Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!
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Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Login or Register. Save Word. Definition of whooping cough. Examples of whooping cough in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web This is already done with almost every vaccine, like giving tetanus shots as needed or requiring caregivers of children, in particular, to be inoculated against whooping cough.
First Known Use of whooping cough circain the meaning defined above. Keep scrolling for more. Learn More about whooping cough. Share whooping cough Post the Definition of whooping cough to Facebook Share the Definition of whooping cough on Twitter. Time Traveler for whooping cough The first known use of whooping cough was circa See more words from the same year. Dictionary Entries near whooping cough whoopee cushion whooper whooper swan whooping cough whooping crane whooping swan whoopla See More Nearby Entries.
More Definitions for whooping cough.Whooping cough pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection. In many people, it's marked by a severe hacking cough followed by a high-pitched intake of breath that sounds like "whoop. Before the vaccine was developed, whooping cough was considered a childhood disease. Now whooping cough primarily affects children too young to have completed the full course of vaccinations and teenagers and adults whose immunity has faded.
Deaths associated with whooping cough are rare but most commonly occur in infants. That's why it's so important for pregnant women — and other people who will have close contact with an infant — to be vaccinated against whooping cough. Once you become infected with whooping cough, it takes about seven to 10 days for signs and symptoms to appear, though it can sometimes take longer. They're usually mild at first and resemble those of a common cold:.
After a week or two, signs and symptoms worsen. Thick mucus accumulates inside your airways, causing uncontrollable coughing. Severe and prolonged coughing attacks may:. However, many people don't develop the characteristic whoop. Sometimes, a persistent hacking cough is the only sign that an adolescent or adult has whooping cough. Infants may not cough at all. Instead, they may struggle to breathe, or they may even temporarily stop breathing.
Whooping cough is caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, tiny germ-laden droplets are sprayed into the air and breathed into the lungs of anyone who happens to be nearby. The whooping cough vaccine you receive as a child eventually wears off.
This leaves most teenagers and adults susceptible to the infection during an outbreak — and there continue to be regular outbreaks. Infants who are younger than age 12 months who are unvaccinated or haven't received the full set of recommended vaccines have the highest risk for severe complications and death.
Teens and adults often recover from whooping cough with no problems. When complications occur, they tend to be side effects of the strenuous coughing, such as:. In infants — especially those under 6 months of age — complications from whooping cough are more severe and may include:.Add whooping cough to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Soft spots and big guns Idioms and phrases in newspapers. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction.
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The whooping cough vaccine gets less effective as we age, which is why boosters are so important. From Business Insider. While nearly all people diagnosed in the winter had classic whooping cough symptoms, only 63 percent of the summer cluster did.
From Reuters. These examples are from the Cambridge English Corpus and from sources on the web.Whooping coughalso known as pertussis or the day coughis a highly contagious bacterial disease.
Pertussis is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Prevention is mainly by vaccination with the pertussis vaccine. An estimated The classic symptoms of pertussis are a paroxysmal cough, inspiratory whoop, and faintingor vomiting after coughing. Vomiting after a coughing spell or an inspiratory whooping sound on coughing, almost doubles the likelihood that the illness is pertussis. The absence of a paroxysmal cough or posttussive emesisthough, makes it almost half as likely.
The illness usually starts with mild respiratory symptoms include mild coughing, sneezing, or a runny nose known as the catarrhal stage. After one to two weeks, the coughing classically develops into uncontrollable fits, sometimes followed by a high-pitched "whoop" sound, as the person tries to inhale. This stage usually lasts two to eight weeks, or sometimes longer. A gradual transition then occurs to the convalescent stage, which usually lasts one to four weeks.
This stage is marked by a decrease in paroxysms of coughing, although paroxysms may occur with subsequent respiratory infection for many months after the onset of pertussis. Symptoms of pertussis can be variable, especially between immunized and non-immunized people. Those that are immunized can present with a more mild infection; they may only have the paroxysmal cough for a couple of weeks, and it may lack the "whooping" characteristic.
The time between exposure and the development of symptoms is on average 7—14 days range 6—20 days rarely as long as 42 days. It is an airborne disease through droplets that spreads easily through the coughs and sneezes of an infected person. Uncertainties have existed of B. This explained the difficulties to reproduce results from different studies as the pre-inoculating handlings of the bacteria were not standardized among scientists. Today it is established that at least some primate species are highly susceptible to B.
After the bacteria are inhaled, they initially adhere to the ciliated epithelium in the nasopharynx. Surface proteins of B. The bacteria then multiply. The bacteria secretes a number of toxins. Tracheal cytotoxina fragment of peptidoglycankills ciliated epithelial cells and thereby inhibits the mucociliary elevator by which mucus and debris are removed.
The elevated number of white blood cells leads to pulmonary hypertensiona major cause of death by pertussis. A physician's overall impression is most effective in initially making the diagnosis. Methods used in laboratory diagnosis include culturing of nasopharyngeal swabs on a nutrient medium Bordet-Gengou mediumpolymerase chain reaction PCRdirect fluorescent antibody DFAand serological methods e. Serology may be used for adults and adolescents who have already been infected for several weeks to determine whether antibody against pertussis toxin or another virulence factor of B.
A similar, milder disease is caused by B. The primary method of prevention for pertussis is vaccination. Pertussis vaccines are effective at preventing illness  and are recommended for routine use by the World Health Organization  and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Immunization does not confer lifelong immunity; a CDC study indicated that protection may only last three to six years.
This covers childhood, which is the time of greatest exposure and greatest risk of death from pertussis. An effect of widespread immunization on society has been the shift of reported infections from children aged 1—9 years to infants, adolescents, and adults, with adolescents and adults acting as reservoirs for B.
Infection induces incomplete natural immunity that wanes over time. The study said protective immunity after vaccination wanes after 4—12 years. Some studies have suggested that while acellular pertussis vaccines are effective at preventing the disease, they have a limited impact on infection and transmission, meaning that vaccinated people could spread pertussis even though they may have only mild symptoms or none at all.
Even though the disease may be milder in older persons, those who are infected may transmit the disease to other susceptible persons, including unimmunized or incompletely immunized infants. Older persons are often found to have the first case in a household with multiple pertussis cases, and are often the source of infection for children.Add whooping cough to one of your lists below, or create a new one.
Soft spots and big guns Idioms and phrases in newspapers. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Follow us. Choose a dictionary. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English.
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My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. Respiratory disorders. Examples of whooping cough. Whooping cough notifications continue to fall : young unimmunised infants remain at highest risk.
From the Cambridge English Corpus. Other disabling diseases, such as whooping coughhave been reduced in prevalence and severity. These examples are from the Cambridge English Corpus and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Effect of vaccination on severity and dissemination of whooping cough. Initially this was due largely to a fall in deaths from infective, parasitic and respiratory diseases, in particular, diphtheria, whooping coughmeningitis, poliomyelitis, measles, pneumonia and bronchitis.
Particular attention was paid to typhoid fever, smallpox, measles, scarlet fever, whooping coughdiphtheria and croup, influenza, pulmonary tuberculosis, cancer and other malignancies, and puerperal septicaemia. The recurrence of whooping cough : possible implications for assessment of vaccine efficacy. Severity of notified whooping cough.
In the early s, the number of whooping cough cases was roughlya year, compared with 2, today. From the Hansard archive. Example from the Hansard archive. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the Open Parliament Licence v3.
During the period —61, there were deaths from whooping cough in this country; by —86, the number had fallen to Most strikingly, that concern welled up during the s in connection with whooping cough vaccine.I spent half an hour with her; she is afraid of the whooping-cough and would not come to me. The mumps, and the measles, and the whooping-cough, and the scarlet fever started in their race for man. And if it is whooping-cough the boy will have to come here and rampage, I suppose, till they're clear of it.
The objects used by a child that has whooping-cough should be disinfected, and its books and papers are to be burnt. The excess of deaths by whooping-cough among female infants was roughly shown by Watt inviz. An acute and infectious disease occurring mainly in children and characterized by violent coughing.
Caused by a kind of bacteriawhooping cough has largely been eradicated in the United States through a program of vaccinationwhich is begun when infants are just three months old. Find out with this quiz on words that originate from American Indigenous languages.
Also called pertussis. Origin of whooping cough First recorded in — Words nearby whooping cough whoop-de-dowhoopeewhoopee cushionwhooperwhooper swanwhooping coughwhooping cough vaccinewhooping cranewhoop it upwhooplawhoops. Example sentences from the Web for whooping cough I spent half an hour with her; she is afraid of the whooping-cough and would not come to me. Miss Eden's Letters Emily Eden.
The Ghosts Robert G. The Imperialist a. Everard Cotes Sara Jeannette Duncan. A highly contagious disease of the respiratory system, usually affecting children, that is caused by Bordetella pertussis and is marked in its advanced stage by spasms of coughing interspersed with deep, noisy inspirations.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bordatella pertussis, seen most commonly in children and characterized by coughing spasms often ending in loud gasps.
Vaccinations usually given during infancy confer immunity to the disease. All rights reserved. Write Better With Synonym Swaps! Try Now.Vaccines used today against diphtheria and tetanus i. Babies need 3 shots of DTaP to build up high levels of protection against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.
Then, young children need 2 booster shots to maintain that protection through early childhood. CDC recommends shots at the following ages:. For children who should not get whooping cough vaccines, healthcare professionals can give DT instead of DTaP. However, children who get DT will not receive any protection against whooping cough. Tdap Vaccine for Preteen and Teens pdf icon [1 page] This fact sheet answers general questions about the booster shot that protects preteens and teens.
Preteens should get one shot of Tdap between the ages of 11 and 12 years to boost their immunity. Pregnant women should get Tdap during the early part of the 3rd trimester of every pregnancy. By doing so, she helps protect her baby from whooping cough in the first few months of life. Find out more about the Tdap pregnancy recommendation. All adults who have never received one should get a shot of Tdap. This can be given at any time, regardless of when they last got Td.
This should be followed by either a Td or Tdap shot every 10 years. Top of Page. Because of age or health conditions, some people should not get certain vaccines or should wait before getting them. Your child has had a life-threatening allergic reaction or has a severe allergy. A healthcare professional has diagnosed your child with specific illnesses or conditions. You or your child have had a life-threatening allergic reaction or have a severe allergy.
You or your child have had a previous reaction to similar vaccines or a healthcare professional has diagnosed you or your child with specific illnesses or conditions. A combination vaccine contains 2 or more vaccines in a single shot in order to decrease the number of shots given. The Food and Drug Administration licensed 12 combination vaccines for use in the United States to help protect against diphtheria and tetanus. Nine of these vaccines also help protect against whooping cough.
Some of the vaccines include protection against other diseases as well, including polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b disease, and hepatitis B. Upper-case letters in these abbreviations mean the vaccine has full-strength doses of that part of the vaccine. Vaccines that help protect against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough differ in how well they work against each disease.
The diphtheria and tetanus toxoid components of these vaccines work well for people who receive the primary series. The primary series is three doses for people 7 years or older and four doses for children younger than 7. The vaccines protect:.